Lighting a candle in toxic air.
September 9: The “Red Eminence” and Religion
Cardinal Richelieu (1585) It was on this date, September 9, 1585, that Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac, who achieved prominence during the reign of French King Louis XIII as Cardinal Richelieu, was born in Paris, the son of Maria de' Medici. Originally trained for a military career, his brother's resignation […]
July 29: Galileo’s Pope
Urban VIII (d. 1644) It was on this date, July 29, 1644, that the pope who will be remembered throughout history as the persecutor of Galileo, Urban VIII, died at Rome. It had been 18 months since his victim had died in Florence, while under a house arrest, which Urban did nothing to mitigate. Born […]
April 4: Ignatius of Loyola, First Jesuit
The modus operandi of the Society of Jesus, and their “Jesuitry,” has always been the end justifies the means, so it is immaterial whether Ignatius, or the Society of Jesus, ever publicly expressed the thought.
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