Freethought Almanac

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March 4: Superstition, Brutality and Pope Eugene IV (1431)

It was on this date, March 4, 1431, that Gabriello Condulmaro was elected by God’s agents to become the head of the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Eugene IV. It is important to remember that 1431, during the Hundred Years War, is the same year in which 19-year-old Joan of Arc was tried and executed by burning. Much can be made of the brutality and amorality of Eugene, but this 15th century representative of God on earth was also one of the most superstitious men of his age...

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Originally published March 2003 by Ronald Bruce Meyer.

Ronald Bruce Meyer

Our Fearless Leader.


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Week in Freethought History (July 15-21)

Here’s your Week in Freethought History: This is more than just a calendar of events or mini-biographies – it’s a reminder that, no matter how isolated and alone we may feel at times, we as freethinkers are neither unique nor alone in the world. Last Monday, July 16, but in 1821, the founder of the […]



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