Aug 20

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August 20: Bernardo O’Higgins

Bernardo O’Higgins (1778)

Bernardo O'Higgins

It was on this date, August 20, 1778, that the Irish-Chilean soldier and statesman Bernardo O’Higgins was born Bernardo O’Higgins Riquelme in Chillán, Chile. His father was an Irish engineer who refused to marry his mother, the daughter of an aristocratic Chilean family. His absent father at least saw that O’Higgins was baptized a Catholic and educated, first in Chile and Peru, and then in England. It was in London that Bernardo met his mentor, Sebastián Francisco de Miranda y Rodríguez, a Venezuelan, and adopted Rationalist and republican views.

Although his father had been Governor of Chile for the Spaniards, Bernardo used his inherited wealth to fund an opposition force demanding complete independence from Spain. He became a general in the army of liberation and joined the anticlerical rebels, achieving victory at last in 1818. He was for a time a benevolent dictator of Chile and instituted reforms in the economic and social order, establishing colleges, libraries and hospitals. But he moved too rapidly, and his political base was small. When he tried to establish democracy and abolish titles of nobility, the church and the oligarchy combined against him. In 1823, he agreed to resign and leave the country.

In 1842, having been rehabilitated in Chile during his exile, the Chilean National Congress voted to allow O’Higgins to return to his native country. But he died en route in Lima on 24 October 1842, age 64, and was buried there with great honor. His remains were repatriated to Chile in 1869.

The Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O’Higgins, the main thoroughfare of Santiago, is named in his honor. Like his friend and mentor, Miranda, Bernardo O’Higgins was an Atheist.

Originally published August 2003 by Ronald Bruce Meyer.

About the author

Ronald Bruce Meyer

Freethought Almanac was created by Ronald Bruce Meyer, in collaboration with freethoughtradio.com, in March 2003. What started with a brief notice on the birthday of Albert Einstein, grew into almost 250,000 words on not only biography but history, philosophy, theology and politics — one day at a time. Freethought Almanac looks at these daily subjects from a godless point of view, that is, a point of view that is based not on fantasies, delusions or wishful thinking, but a view that is evidence-based.

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