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Jul 16

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July 16: Escape into Religious History

Muhammad’s Hegira (622)

Muhammad

It was on this date, July 16, 622, by tradition and on the Western calendar, that Muhammad’s hegira (or hijra, هِجْرَة) occurred — that is, his flight from Mecca to Medina (then called Yathrib) in order to escape persecution and found a community of believers. History shows the event taking place in September 622, but Islam fixes the date A.H. 1 – for “in the year of the hegira” – at the first day of the lunar year in which the hegira took place.

Muhammad (محمد) and his followers from Mecca set up a community in the more hospitable Medina, with himself as political and spiritual leader – but for the express purpose of waging war and acquiring booty. Conversions to Islam, most often by threat of the sword, usually followed. This was especially tragic in Muhammad’s treatment of the Jews in Medina and elsewhere. Although he borrowed much of Islam from Judaism, and likely from the Palestinian Samaritans, the Jews simply refused to become Muslim. Muhammad slew them by the thousands.

Most of what we know of Muhammad’s life, laws, prophecies, and conquests comes from Islamic oral tradition transmitted over the century since his death. Most non-Muslim scholars are highly skeptical of the tales that started tall and acquired details through succeeding generations. For example, there is non-Muslim evidence that early Muslims prayed in the direction of Jerusalem, not Mecca. Seventh-century Muslim coins bear inscriptions differing from the canonical Koranic text. Clearly, there were alterations in the Prophet’s story following his death in 632. What is just as clear is that it was conquest and loot, more than religion, that was the engine of Islamic progress across Arabia.

Originally published July 2003 by Ronald Bruce Meyer.

About the author

Ronald Bruce Meyer

Freethought Almanac was created by Ronald Bruce Meyer, in collaboration with freethoughtradio.com, in March 2003. What started with a brief notice on the birthday of Albert Einstein, grew into almost 250,000 words on not only biography but history, philosophy, theology and politics — one day at a time. Freethought Almanac looks at these daily subjects from a godless point of view, that is, a point of view that is based not on fantasies, delusions or wishful thinking, but a view that is evidence-based.

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